QA Process: A Complete Guide to QA Stages, Steps, & Tools

Unlike manual testing, automation testing involves executing test cases automatically either through reusable test scripts or with the help automation testing tools. Manual testing is important because it helps developers understand how their application behaves, its usability, and overall user experience. It’s also helpful in finding issues that might be missed in automated tests. Selenium is an open-source automation testing tool that allows users to test web applications.

Choosing between manual and automation testing can depend on your project requirements, budget constraints, and the nature of the software being developed. However, you can use a blended or hybrid approach to leverage the advantages of both methods. To have a better clarity of this, let’s understand how manual testing is different from automation testing. Manual testing is helpful, particularly for its flexibility, human insight, and cost-effectiveness in specific situations. However, its limitations in speed, scalability, and consistency highlight the need for a balanced approach, often combined with automated testing for a comprehensive quality assurance strategy. Manual testing is a vital part of user-friendly software development because humans are involved in testing software applications and end-users are also humans.

Core Manual Testing Techniques

Shahzeb currently holds the position of Senior Product Marketing Manager at LambdaTest and brings a wealth of experience spanning over a decade in Quality Engineering, Security, and E-Learning domains. Over the course of his 3-year tenure at LambdaTest, he actively contributes to the review process of blogs, learning hubs, and product updates. No matter how testers decide to perform manual testing, they all need to stick to the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC). Quality control (QC) involves testing the final product to identify and resolve issues before it is released to the market. Implementing an effective QA process enhances team collaboration, shortens development time, and reduces costs. Although the specific stages of the QA process may vary among companies, the core stages remain the same.

  • However, its limitations in speed, scalability, and consistency highlight the need for a balanced approach, often combined with automated testing for a comprehensive quality assurance strategy.
  • Humans can respond to unpredictability, but for automated test scripts, a slight change in the environment is enough to return false positives.
  • QA professionals need to evaluate and decide which approach to use for each project based on its specific requirements and considerations.
  • Over the course of his 3-year tenure at LambdaTest, he actively contributes to the review process of blogs, learning hubs, and product updates.
  • After all bugs are caught and fixed, the tester should perform regression testing following best practices to ensure that the changes have not introduced new issues and that existing functionality remains intact.

Now, the QA teams create test cases and checklists based on the software requirements. Each test case includes conditions, data, and steps to validate functionality. On the other hand, you have tests that are performed by computers, this is more commonly known as automation.

Planning phase

Testers focus solely on the system’s inputs and outputs, treating it as a “black box” where they cannot see its internal workings. The first step is to understand the client’s requirements for the project. Start by getting familiar with the software’s functional and non-functional requirements, as well as any design documents or user stories. Then create a dedicated team of manual QA engineers whose skills and qualifications match the client’s needs.

Why QA manual testing

When a developer manually runs their application and tries out the features they have coded, they are doing manual testing. Its simplicity makes manual testing great for small-scale testing of personal projects. Even for large-scale testing where there are thousands and millions of items and features to test, manual testing is still needed to some degree. LambdaTest also lets you perform manual web testing on desktop and mobile environments. For demonstration, let’s look at how to test websites manually on the desktop using the LambdaTest cloud.

Design the Tests

But it’s a good idea to be familiar with the most popular tools, like ‘Selenium’, ‘Jira’, and ‘BrowserStack’. Well, we won’t lie to you and say that becoming a QA engineer is simple and quick, because becoming a tester is going to require effort. But believe us when we say, it is not that hard to actually become a QA engineer. Manual testing is an activity where the tester needs to be very patient, creative & open minded. If you’re looking for test case execution that can’t be automated, fill out the form to the right, and we’ll be in touch soon.

Why QA manual testing

If automation is part of the test scope, this is the stage where automation testing scenarios are created. ‘BrowserStack’ enables developers to test their applications across different browsers, devices, and operating systems. Here at SoftwareTestingMaterial, our software testing course covers nearly all topics a tester needs to get a Software Testing Job. After fixing bugs, retesting is crucial to ensure the issues are resolved. Additionally, regression testing is conducted to confirm that new changes have not adversely affected existing functionalities. This step involves creating a realistic testing environment to ensure relevant and valuable results.

Need to Run Manual Tests on Real Devices & Browsers?

Testers, often including end users or stakeholders, execute acceptance tests in a simulated or production-like environment. They verify that the software behaves as expected, meets predefined acceptance criteria, and fulfills business objectives. Any discrepancies or issues identified during acceptance testing are addressed before final deployment. Even a student, who has a basic understanding of the application or testing of a system, can perform manual verification.

Why QA manual testing

Test cases are scenarios created to test different aspects of the software. These should be comprehensive, covering a wide range of possible user interactions, and are designed to ensure that all functionalities are thoroughly tested. Crafting a test plan is next, where QA developers outline their testing strategy, objectives, and necessary resources. It all means you need to be detail-oriented, pay attention to minor changes, and report your findings. Among other forms of acceptance testing, accessibility testing deserves special mention.

What is Manual Testing?

Coursera’s editorial team is comprised of highly experienced professional editors, writers, and fact… Detailed guide on migrating from Manual to Automation Testing along with steps and best practices fo… Along with testing UI elements, UI testing must consider the various browsers, browser versions, and devices.

Why QA manual testing

Let’s look at the characteristics of the manual test process in the next section. It is particularly useful for regression testing, which involves checking modified software to find new defects. Similarly, automation has many positives, it can be used repeatedly, time and time again.

They will change the environments to see what happens, for example, load, security, stress, and usability tests. It also makes sure that reported defects are fixed by developers and re-testing has been performed by testers on the fixed defects. Manual testing can be relatively straightforward for beginners, manual qa training as it doesn’t require specialized technical skills or knowledge of programming languages. However, it does require attention to detail, patience, and the ability to follow test scripts and instructions accurately. With practice and experience, beginners can become proficient in manual testing.

Why QA manual testing

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